CDT improves skin elasticity, circulation and the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, aids collagen repair, and destroys localised fatty deposits.In carboxytherapy, carbon dioxide is introduced to the skin. An excess of carbon dioxide in the injected tissue provides the stimulus for greater oxygen delivery by increasing capillary blood flow: a higher concentration of carbon dioxide leads to a lower binding affinity of oxygen and haemoglobin.
A further response is the release of growth factors to the injected area, ie. local angiogenic growth factors, which induce circulation, encourage lipolysis, and encourage dermal regeneration.
Research has observed the impact on collagen fibers following the injection of carbon dioxide, and especially when this takes place intradermally: improved appearance of the skin, as well as intense collagen turnover. The effect of CDT on damaged or aging skin results in a thicker, smoother appearance of the dermis.
Carboxytherapy is also used to improve scar tissue through proper collagen deposition and reorganization, resulting in better quality skin texture and tone.
It is not surprising, therefore, that carboxytherapy is now used as an aesthetic treatment to improve skin laxity and the overall appearance. The therapy can be used to treat ageing skin on the face and décolletage, dark undereye circles, stretch marks, cellulite, and localised fat pads.
As with any medical treatment, contraindications should be considered:
- Acute, untreated cardiovascular disease, uncontrolled blood pressure, and vasovagal episodes
- Acute respiratory problems
- Bleeding syndromes, cerebrovascular accident (stroke), acute thrombosis or recent pulmonary embolism
- Connective tissue disease
- Skin infection
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- Pregnancy and lactation
Nonetheless, it is important to note that with carboxytherapy there is an absence of toxicity and any other relevant side-effects, making it a safe, simple and cost-effective technique with minimal downtime and recovery period.
Depending on the starting point of skin condition and goals, treatments will be weekly or biweekly for about a month to 6 weeks, and then onto a maintenance of once every few months or so.